ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 182
OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR
June 3, 1999
I, Tony Knowles, Governor of the State of Alaska, under the
authority granted by art. III, secs. 1 and 24, of the Alaska
Constitution and by AS 44.19.145(c), hereby order the following
regarding employment and training of Alaska's workforce and the
federal Workforce Investment Act.
In 1995, by creating the Alaska Human Resource Investment
Council (AHRIC), the Alaska Legislature consolidated three employment
and training councils in order to develop a more efficient and
cost-effective employment and training system for Alaska's employers
and job seekers. In 1998, Congress passed the Workforce Investment
Act (WIA), which reformed the nation's employment and training
system and which requires the State of Alaska to implement many
changes for the administration of programs and the delivery of
services. Among the changes to occur under the WIA are the repeal
of the federal Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and the end
of Private Industry Councils (PICs). The WIA requires the governor
to establish a State Workforce Investment Board, and to designate
local workforce investment areas that will be governed by plans
developed by Local Workforce Investment Boards (LWIBs).
The WIA also requires states to submit, no later than April
1, 2000, an implementation plan to the secretary of the United
States Department of Labor, with operation of the WIA under the
plan to begin on July 1, 2000. In order to complete Alaska's
WIA plan and consequent local Workforce Investment Area plans
expediently, the AHRIC should be designated as the State Workforce
Investment Board and the Anchorage/Mat-Su Service Delivery Area
(SDA) and the Statewide Service Delivery Area (SDA) should be
designated as local Workforce Investment Areas.
The WIA also mandates the establishment of a one-stop career
system in all states. Alaska has been a voluntary participant
since 1996 when it established its one-stop system.
Finding 1: The growing demand for skilled and knowledgeable
workers in Alaska who must compete in a global economy and the
competition between existing programs for the limited resources
available to provide effective employment and training services
require reform of our existing workforce investment system.
1.1 Alaska Statutes advance equal employment opportunity for
1.2 All levels of government must strive to coordinate efforts,
amongst themselves as well as in cooperation with business and
industry, for a more effective workforce investment system.
1.3 The WIA repeals the Job Training Partnership Act and amends
the Adult Basic Education Act, thereby consolidating over 60
federal employment and training programs and providing block
grants to states for training and employment for adults, youths,
and dislocated workers
1.4 The WIA requires states to create a State Workforce Investment
Board, designate local Workforce Investment Areas, and establish
corresponding Local Workforce Investment Boards.
1.5 The WIA mandates one-stop career centers where all employment
and training services under the WIA are co-located or are part
of a one-stop career center network to provide universal services
and increased customer access, or both.
1.6 The WIA requires the reporting of service provider performance
and increased customer choice, along with core system performance
and accountability measures for evaluating the effectiveness
of programs and services.
Finding 2: The AHRIC has begun work to develop a coordinated
and accountable workforce investment system that focuses on the
demands of Alaska's industry and employers for skilled workers
and the capacity for developing the knowledge and skills of Alaska's
2.1 Society pays an unacceptably high price in human suffering
and social welfare costs when it fails to address the special
needs of those who have barriers to employment.
2.2 An identifiable, trained, and available Alaska workforce
is an essential state resource and a critical element that shapes
the hiring and location decisions of industry and commerce.
2.3 The investment of public resources in the development
of a skilled and knowledgeable workforce provides tangible returns
to the state in the form of greater employment opportunities
for Alaskans and reduces the need for the importation of workers
from outside the state.
2.4 The current employment and training system could be improved
by providing more regional involvement and responsibility for
the design of service delivery at the local level and development
of local resources such as employment and economic development
Finding 3: The success of Alaska's economic development strategies
requires a comprehensive and aligned workforce investment system
that meets the requirements of the WIA.
3.1 Public assistance reform, which has been effective in
meeting federal and state performance measures through a work-first
approach that has led to the increased employment of Alaska Temporary
Assistance Program clients and ongoing coordination with other
employment, education, and training programs, must continue to
ensure future success.
3.2 Alaska has developed a one-stop career center system through
the Alaska Job Center Network where employment, training, and
support services have been co-located. Further integration of
services must continue in order to provide equitable delivery
of services and more access for Alaskans through local offices
3.3 The involvement of employers in schools through School-to-Work
Partnerships has provided work experience and applied learning
for students while bringing reform to the education system. These
partnerships help prepare students for the world of work and
further assist in meeting employers' demands for educated and
skilled workers while building the capacity of local schools
to prepare workers.
3.4 The AHRIC and state program partners have created a workforce
investment program assessment and system evaluation process,
which is reported to the Governor and Legislature on an annual
basis. Under state statute, the AHRIC is authorized to advise
the Governor and Legislature in implementing new federal and
state laws related to employment and training, which would include
federal block grants to states as created under the new WIA.
3.5 The AHIUC has produced two reports to the Governor and
Legislature in which issues concerning LWIBs were addressed:
Report to the Governor on Private Industry Councils (1996) and
Consolidation of Alaska's Human Resource Programs (1997). In
both reports, the AHRIC recognized that JTPA PICs provide a significant
service and contribution to building Alaska's workforce, and
recommended that the existing PICs be allowed to evolve into
Local Workforce Investment Boards. The WIA allows the PICs to
transition into the new role of LWIBs as long as they meet criteria
in the law.
DESIGNATIONS AND DIRECTIVES
In order to meet WIA requirements and to meet the needs of
Alaska's workers and employers:
1. The Alaska Human Resource Investment Council is designated
as the State Workforce Investment Board required by the Workforce
Investment Act of 1998.
2. The Anchorage/Mat-Su SDA, and its administrative body,
are designated as the Anchorage/Mat-Su Workforce Investment Area
and the Anchorage/Mat-Su Workforce Investment Board, respectively.
The Statewide SDA, and its administrative body, are designated
as the Balance of State Workforce Investment Area and the Balance
of State Workforce Investment Board, respectively.
3. The AHIUC shall develop a plan to provide adequate regional
representation on the Balance of State Workforce Investment Board
through a consortium agreement and establish criteria for regions
that apply to be designated as Workforce Investment Areas.
4. The Alaska Job Center Network shall serve as the state's
one-stop career center system required under WIA. The AHRIC will
provide oversight for Alaska's one-stop career center system,
with Local Workforce Investment Boards providing oversight for
Job Centers in their respective Workforce Investment Areas.
5. All state agencies that are mandated partners in the one-stop
system shall develop the agreements and understandings necessary
to meet WIA requirements, including the involvement of mandated
and volunteer one-stop partners.
6. In accordance with law, the AHRIC shall develop a Unified
Strategic Workforce Investment Plan for all state-operated programs
that require plans under the WIA.
This Order takes effect immediately.
Dated this 3rd day of June, 1999.