ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 113
Relating to employment and training of Alaska's workforce
OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR
June 12, 1989
I, Steve Cowper, Governor of the State of Alaska, under the
authority granted by art. III of the Alaska Constitution and
by Alaska Statute 44.17.060, hereby order the following as the
policy and guidelines for the Executive Branch of Alaska State
Government on employment and training of Alaska's work force.
STATEMENT OF THF PROBLEM
A comprehensive policy and implementation strategy are needed
in the area of employment and training to ensure that Alaska's
work force is capable of satisfying the state's labor market
demands. Lack of an official policy from the top level of government
contributes to a potential for duplication of effort, lack of
important services, uneven quality of services and questions
of jurisdiction among governmental agencies.
Justification for an Alaskan Employment and Training Policy
are based upon the following findings:
Finding 1. In the competition for scarce resources,
increased coordination between existing employment and training
programs and increased efficiency of program delivery are essential
in meeting Alaska's labor market needs.
1.1 The Alaska Statutes Advance equal employment opportunity
for all Alaskans in both urban and rural settings without regard
to race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability,
marital status, pregnancy or parenthood.
1.2 All levels of government in Alaska must strive to coordinate
efforts in designing and implementing programs for effective
human resource development. This is best done in cooperation
with the private sector.
1.3 Technological applications within Alaska's economy are
best achieved by applying state-of-the-art technology to employment
and training programs where financially feasible and practical.
1.4 The public education system, state and local government,
and the private sector are responsible for the development of
occupational awareness and employment skills. This objective
is best met by developing cooperative strategies to assist youth
and adults in their attainment of these skills.
1.5 The availability of employment for all Alaskans is the
optimum means of reducing the expenditure of public money while
contributing to increased economic development.
1.6 Medical care, transportation, child care and elder care
are among the essential support services needed by participants
in employment and training programs.
1.7 The impact of change in the world economy on Alaska in
recent years has increased the need to link employment, training,
and economic development programs to enable Alaskans to be prepared
to take advantage of new economic opportunities.
Finding 2. A cooperative and coordinated approach to
the development of Alaskan human resources will allow Alaskans
to benefit more fully from economic development within the state.
2.1 Society pays an unacceptably high price in human suffering
and social welfare costs when it fails to address the special
needs of those who have social, physical, or economic barriers
2.2 A trained, identifiable and available Alaskan work force
is an essential state resource and a critical element in the
hiring and location decisions of industry and commerce
2.3 The investment of state resources in development of a
trained and adaptable work force provides a tangible return to
the state in the form of greater employment opportunities for
Alaskans. This represents a proactive change in policy by encouraging
resident hire among qualified candidates rather than reliance
on local hire statutes.
2.4 Economic growth promotes human resource development by
providing employment opportunities and the means for Alaskans
to be self-sufficient. The long-range success of economic and
human resource development is governed - primarily by the market
place but is also substantially influenced by public policy.
2.5 New technologies and structural changes in the economy
require ongoing training and retraining of the work force. Responsibility
for the provision of these services lies with both the public
and private sectors.
Finding 3. The success of any economic development
strategy requires a responsible, comprehensive human resource
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING MISSION STATEMENT
3.1 Components of a state comprehensive general education
system include career competencies such as life skills and employment
3.2 Increasing the level of literacy and basic skills competencies
is essential for preparing Alaskans for training and employment
3.3 Opportunities for advanced training and retraining are
provided through postsecondary education.
3.4 Comprehensive employment training includes outreach,
assessment, support services, skills training, job placement
3.5 A comprehensive statewide labor exchange network exists
in the Job Service, providing a ready labor pool for potential
3.6 Employers are an essential source of job-specific training
3.7 Policy guidance and oversight by the public is a necessary
and desirable component in an effective human resource development
system. It is in the state's best interest to utilize delivery
systems that have demonstrated effective education and training
Alaskan citizens are entitled to the benefits of employment
and training opportunities provided with assistance from state
government. In order to fulfill this mission, state agencies
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING POLICY
Mutually implement Alaska's Employment and Training Policy;
Work in concert with the private sector;
Assist Alaskans seeking full employment opportunities within
the Alaska job market; and
Provide viable opportunities to ensure that Alaskans become
qualified and are able to successfully compete for employment
Based upon the preceding findings and in an effort to fulfill
this mission, the following Employment and Training Policy shall
1. Every effort shall be made to achieve an integrated education,
employment and training system in which all elements are coordinated
to deliver services to Alaskans in need of them. The Governor's
Coordination and Special Services Plan shall articulate the implementation
2. Every effort shall be made to assist Alaskans to overcome
social, cultural, psychological, physical, geographic, and economic
barriers to employment; to protect the health and safety of workers;
and to promote equality of access to the state's employment training
programs regardless of age, sex, race, religion, national origin,
disability, political affiliation, marital status, pregnancy,
parenthood, or place of domicile within Alaska.
3. Employment and training programs shall target individuals
who are most at risk of becoming, or currently are, dependent
on public welfare. Targeted groups shall include: school dropouts
and those at-risk of dropping out; teenage parents; those lacking
basic literacy skills; those with disabilities; and long-term
recipients of public assistance.
4. Employment and training programs shall provide participants
with access to essential literacy and educational services, occupational
training, support services, and reasonable access for people
with disabilities, in an effort to promote economic independence
5. The public education system has primary responsibility
for educating Alaska's citizenry. It must work to ensure equal
access to career counseling and occupational skills development.
Business, industry, organized labor, and government are encouraged
to support elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education
as preparation for work.
6. Alaska's public education system will, to the extent provided
by law, provide occupational training and retraining, and cross-cultural
education opportunities to its citizens to ensure that the work
force will be competitive in a global economy.
7. The state shall work to increase the employment potential
of Alaskans, especially youth and women, by providing opportunities
to investigate traditional and nontraditional occupations. A
coordinated statewide system of career counseling and education
shall provide an opportunity to assess individual skills, aptitudes
8. The employment and training system shall continue to include
a statewide public labor exchange that assists individuals in
obtaining suitable jobs and enables employers in recruiting qualified
9. Occupational training shall be targeted toward areas for
which there is a continuing or emerging need for additional workers
as demonstrated by reliable labor market information. Labor market,
demographic and current economic development information will
be collected, analyzed and disseminated in an effective and consistent
manner to enhance the planning, development and operation of
10. Business and industry representatives shall be encouraged
to participate in the development, implementation and evaluation
of employment and training programs.
11. Occupation specific training provided by private sector
employers will continue to be an- important component of employment
and training programs.
12. A consolidated statewide data information system shall
be established to assist in planning, evaluation and financial
accountability among the state administrative agencies.
Administrative Policy. The Employment and Training
Mini-Cabinet shall be formally organized to function as the administrative
policy board for human resource development. The Cabinet shall
implement employment and training policy with advice from the
Alaska State Job Training Coordinating Council.
Goals and Objectives. The State Job Training Coordinating
Council, in concert with the Employment and Training Mini-Cabinet,
shall develop a biennial "Governor's Coordination and Special
Services Plan." The Plan shall reflect the elements of the
Alaska Employment and Training Policy. The Plan shall also contain
coordination criteria to assess collaboration, cooperation and
duplication, further clarifying agency responsibilities in carrying
out state policy. Agencies represented by the Mini-Cabinet will
directly participate in the development of the Governor's goals
and objectives for job training and placement programs. These
goals and objectives shall be articulated in the Governor's Plan
and shall be reflected in the job training plans required under
the Job Training Partnership Act and the Wagner-Peyser Act.
Policy and Program Review. The Alaska State Job Training
Coordinating Council (SJTCC) is vested with responsibility for
policy and program review. The review will include such actions
as necessary to evaluate the policy contained herein and the
method of implementation. The SJTCC shall report to the Governor
and Mini-Cabinet by way of an annual report, and as need prevails,
the status of employment and training policies and programs in
Implementation. The organizational structure established
under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) shall be
used as the model for delivery of state employment training services.
The JTPA system shall coordinate closely with education agencies,
among them: the University of Alaska; the Governor's Council
on Vocational Education; state and local general and vocational
education agencies; proprietary and apprenticeship training schools.
Vocational education programs within the University of Alaska
are governed by the Board of Regents. The University of Alaska
will be a member of the Employment and Training Mini-Cabinet,
sharing with the SJTCC, responsibility for the direction of employment
and training. The university will cooperate with the programs
that the SJTCC organized and coordinates and will exchange information
about employment and training program directions with the SJTCC
on a continuing basis through methods determined by the University
and the State Job Training Coordinating Council.
The Alaska Occupational Information Coordinating Committee
shall establish a comprehensive, consolidated statewide data
collection system and serve as a clearinghouse between the Departments
of Labor and Commerce and Economic Development, and the employment
and training community.
Evaluation. A method for evaluation of state policy
relating to employment and training and human resource development
will be developed under the auspices of the SJTCC. The evaluation
shall occur for each two-year implementation period covered by
the "Governor's Coordination and Special Services Plan."
Definition of Terms
ALASKA OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION COORDINATING COMMITTEE. Established
under Alaska Administrative Order #96, and funded by the Job
Training Partnership Act and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education
Act, the AOICC promotes the development and use of occupational
information. It consists of representatives of the Department
of Commerce and Economic Development, the Employment Security
Division, the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, the State
Board of Education, and the State Job Training Coordinating Council.
It is staffed by Research & Analysis, Department of Labor.
ALASKA STATE JOB TPAINING COORDINATING COUNCIL. Established
under the federally funded Job Training Partnership Act, the
Council is empowered to carry out a wide range of oversight and
coordination functions related to employment and training as
well as vocational education. In Alaska, the Council consists
of 20 members appointed by the Governor for staggered terms.
The chairperson is appointed from among the business and industry
representatives. It is staffed by the Department of Community
and Regional Affairs.
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING MINI-CABINET. Membership is comprised
of the commissioners of the Departments of Community and Regional
Affairs, Commerce and Economic Development, Health and Social
Services, Labor, Military and Veterans' Affairs, and the president
of the University of Alaska. The purpose of the Mini-Cabinet
is to act as the chief administrative policy board for human
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS. Programs either administered
or operated by the state providing services to participants,
including provision of up-to-date labor market information, job
search assistance, assessment of skills and aptitudes, classroom
training, and support services such as medical and dental care,
tools and clothing, transportation, and child care, to enable
a person to participate in training and secure a job. These programs
depend on an already existing vocational education system public
and postsecondary schools.
GOVERNOR'S COORDINATION AND SPECIAL SERVICES PLAN. The biennial
plan required by the Job Training Partnership Act (PL 97-300),
which articulates the means of implementing Alaska's Employment
and Training Policy.
JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT (JTPA). PL 97-300, as amended,
was passed by Congress in October 1983. There are three main
job training programs under JTPA: Title II-A Adult and Youth
Training Programs; Title Il-B Summer Youth Employment and Training
Programs; and Title III Dislocated Worker Programs. In FY 90,
the State of Alaska expects to receive $6.5 million, $2.5 million,
and $1.2 million for the programs, respectively.
JOB TRAINING PLANS. These are the local plans developed by
Alaska's three Private Industry Councils for the JTPA programs
within each service delivery area. The plans are tailored to
local conditions within the parameters established by the Governor's
Coordination and Special Services Plan.
PRIVATE INDUSTRY COUNCILS. These are the councils appointed
by the elected official within each service delivery area established
under JTPA. The councils provide local guidance and oversight
for programs and approve the job training plans. Alaska's Private
Industry Councils and respective service delivery areas are:
Statewide -- appointed by the Governor; Anchorage/Mat-Su -- appointed
by the Anchorage Mayor; Fairbanks -- appointed by the Fairbanks
North Star Borough Mayor.
This Order takes effect June 12, 1989. Dated at Juneau, this
12th day of June, 1989.
Governor of the State of Alaska